I suggest beginning by have a discussion with your students about how they learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly. Reflection-in-action (Framing) and the Differentiated Instructional Process. Direct instruction is based on clear-cut teaching techniques. A Reflection on Curriculum Development, Instruction and Design. Conclusion I haven’t exactly read the Marzano Classroom Management Beginning Of School Responsive Classroom Classroom Community Cooperative Learning Classroom Activities School Counseling Student Reflection … If a lesson went well we can describe it and think about why it was successful. You may begin a process of reflection in response to a particular problem that has arisen with one or your classes, or simply as a way of finding out more about your teaching. Audio recordings can be useful for considering aspects of teacher talk. This is the easiest way to begin a process of reflection since it is purely personal. A strategy I enjoyed reading about from Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works is nonlinguistic representations. To paraphrase what philosopher Edmund Burke once said, learning without reflection is like eating without digestion. Reflection also provides an effective avenue for integrating learners’ social identities (e.g., class, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation) into the process of learning in a meaningful way. Phone Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. 1-800-933-ASCD (2723) Address 1703 North Beauregard St. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714 In order to fully tap that resource and allow children to gain the knowledge needed to perform to the best of their ability, and thus become effective, contributing members of society, competent teachers are needed in classrooms across the world. Once you have some information recorded about what goes on in your classroom, what do you do? Overall, teaching and learning in the 21st century classroom has proven to provide more opportunities! By collecting information about what goes on in our classroom, and by analysing and evaluating this information, we identify and explore our own practices and underlying beliefs. Questioning is one of the nine research-based strategies presented in Classroom Instruction That Works (Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock 2001). Video recordings can be useful in showing you aspects of your own behaviour. important resource is children. You may do things in class you are not aware of or there may be things happening in the class that as the teacher you do not normally see. In many examples in the video, the teacher makes a signal, usually hitting the pen against the board, to indicate the children respond out loud in unison. Student feedback C. Practice: Choose one of the specific “classroom practice” strategies or techniques shared in this chapter to try out with your students (If you are not currently teaching, you may share how you would use this strategy in your classroom). One of the technology tools that I have been head-over-heels excited to utilize in my classroom is VoiceThread . In effect, a good part of effective teaching is an art—hence the title, The Art and Science of Teaching.” ― Robert J. Marzano, The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction Constructivism and Technology On the Road to Student-Centered Learning. And that is what professional development is all about. “Assessment of Service-Learning.” in. How much time do you allocate to student talk? Since I knew it was effective for me, I have always used the strategies of summarizing and note taking when instructing older students, but not as frequently in my instruction of younger students – 5th graders. You may also describe your own reactions and feelings and those you observed on the part of the students. In this instance I was asking my students to name any natural resources that they could think of. Final Reflection: Bridging Learning Theory, Instruction, and Technology Reflection is an important activity for teachers to engage in. These steps can take on many different forms and drive a classroom in a plethora of ways. (Pitler, 2007). Joyce, Weil, and Calhoun (2015) categorize the four main models as: 1) the information-processing … We read about and discussed these research-based strategies found in the text, Classroom Instruction that Works, by R. Marzano, D. Pickering and J. Pollock. I have seen this work in the classroom. You might think or tell someone that "My lesson went well" or "My students didn't seem to understand" or "My students were so badly behaved today.". The University of Iowa Division of Student Life. These strategies are grouped together in broader models, so teachers have the opportunity to learn and assess how to apply the instructional approaches. These simple templates allow students to take ownership of their learning and track their progress by reflecting on the lesson objective/learning target. Benefits of reflection Opportunities for Reflection How to Do Reflection Grading Reflection Additional Resources. Final Reflection Bridging Learning Theory, Instruction, and … In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Designing curriculum, instruction, and assessments are steps teachers use to help them make sense of the concepts they teach and helps drive instruction. Recording lessons It ensures that teachers are constantly evaluating their own practices and ensuring that they are meeting the needs of their students effectively. This HOPE principle demonstrates the importance of reflection, collaboration, and evaluation to improve teaching instruction. Classroom instruction is filled with creative ideas and engaging strategies that have been nurtured over time Teachers takes courses or attend workshops or conferences focused on research-based best practices that help to keep them informed and allow them to remain innovative in their planning, assessment, and instructional approaches What to do next Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement [Marzano, Robert J., Pickering, Debra, Pollock, Jane E.] on Amazon.com. However, without more time spent focussing on or discussing what has happened, we may tend to jump to conclusions about why things are happening. You can also ask your students what they think about what goes on in the classroom. There are a number of moments throughout the semester when reflection can be introduced to great effect: Because reflection is often an exploratory process, you may want to tread carefully when it comes to grading it; students may not explore openly if they worry that they’ll be penalized for coming up with a “wrong” answer or doing it the “wrong” way. In a differentiated classroom, assessment is on-going and diagnostic and its goal is to provide teachers with day-to-day data on students’ readiness for particular ideas and skills, their interest and learning styles (Tomlinson, 1999). This method involves the teacher having full power of the classroom and presenting information to students to help them learn. After each lesson you write in a notebook about what happened. Grading Rubric for Reflection Assignments, Grading Rubrics for Reflection Journal Entries, Reflection Resources from the Center for Social Justice, Reflection: Intercultural Border Crossing, Power, and Privilege, Students could run through what they already know about a topic, You can also introduce this kind of activity, At a moment like this—just after a learning experience—, Many reflective activities—in-class discussions, one-minute papers, etc.—. These include retrieval (recalling recently learned knowledge to mind), elaboration (for example, connecting new knowledge to what you already know), and generation (for example, rephrasing key ideas in your own words or visually and mentally rehearsing what you might do differently next time).” In other words, reflection involves rigorous processing that makes it more likely that students will be able to absorb, remember, and master what they’re learning. Throughout this course the readings, lectures, and reflections have reviewed teaching techniques educators practice in the classroom. Please reach out to us at cndls@georgetown.edu if you'd like to have a conversation with someone at CNDLS about these or other teaching issues. Reflection brings lived experience to the surface and works to resolve seeming contradictions among diverse lived experiences and between lived experience and more abstract theories. Diary writing does require a certain discipline in taking the time to do it on a regular basis. Julie Tice, Teacher, Trainer, Writer, British Council Lisbon, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK Here are some suggestions for areas to focus on to help you start your diary. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. On the first day of school, this will be a critical topic we cover in the classroom. If it’s important to you to assess the reflection more formally, it’s possible to develop grading standards and rubrics for the quality of the reflection. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK, Taking responsibility for professional development, Introducing a mentoring model in a large-scale teacher development project in India, Education exchange: Language learning in lockdown, Distance learning and English Language Learners, Teacher wellbeing: Five lessons from the experts. Using technology with classroom instruction that works (2nd ed.). This new edition of A Handbook for Classroom Instruction That Works will help you explore and refine your use of the teaching strategies from the 2nd edition of Classroom Instruction That Works.Discussion of the nine categories of strategies that have the most positive effect on student learning is supplemented with the following: The first step is to gather information about what happens in the class. This kind of work will prepare students not only to do well in the course but also to approach their lives and professions with purpose and wisdom. Self-reflection is a simple way to dig deeper into your feelings and find out why you were doing something or feeling a certain way. Orey explained that educators need to understand the theories of teaching and learning in order to create appropriate instructional decisions for students (Laureate Education Inc., 2010a) As one reflects on the invaluable knowledge and skills garnered during this course, it is clear that my personal theory of learning which was developed at the beginning of this… Feb 17, 2017 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. Their opinions and perceptions can add a different and valuable perspective. Graphic representations help increase student achievement. Beginning the process of reflection Video or audio recordings of lessons can provide very useful information for reflection. I cringe when I visit classrooms and see “No Talking” as classroom rule #1. With a profession as challenging as teaching, self-reflection offers teachers an opportunity to think about what works and what doesn’t in their classroom. Put another way, reflection provides a basis for critical inquiry that values many forms of knowledge, including emotional intelligence and lived experience. These inclu… In fact my first year with him, he gave each teacher Classroom Instruction that Works by Dr. Marzano. Reflective teaching is a cyclical process, because once you start to implement changes, then the reflective and evaluative cycle begins again. If students are misbehaving - what were they doing, when and why? Classroom Reflection Paper 705 Words | 3 Pages. If the students didn't understand a language point we introduced we need to think about what we did and why it may have been unclear. In either case you can feed as much as you want to a person but that person won’t leave nourished; it might be as though they haven’t eaten at all. Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Planning in High Reliability Schools District Goal 1: To create a learning community that inspires every student through active and personalized learning. This will relate back to the area you have identified to reflect upon. You are likely to begin to pose questions about what you have observed. Why it is important Invite a colleague to come into your class to collect information about your lesson. So it was not a huge surprise to see it in Marzano’s, Classroom Instruction that Works. This may be with a simple observation task or through note taking. In doing so, it’s important to keep one principle in mind: unlike grading, for example, a pop quiz, in which a student’s knowledge is being assessed, Still other activities—reflective essays in a class focused on essay-writing, for example—might need to be graded primarily based on their success in meeting the, Jacoby, Barbara. The works in the portfolio must reflect the classroom’s objectives for the school year, and it must also reflect how the students have progressed in terms of these objectives.Projects, usually inter-disciplinary, carry a significant percentage in the grading system. (1998). Southwest Educational Development Laboratory. Teaching Reflection: In the Classroom. Self-reflection is one of the most powerful habits a teacher can develop. About This Book. The book that we used for this course Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works by Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., and Malenoski, K. has a wealth of resources on how technology can be integrated in the classroom. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. For example, you might ask your colleague to focus on which students contribute most in the lesson, what different patterns of interaction occur or how you deal with errors. The book, A Handbook for Classroom Instruction that Works, by Pitler and Stone (2012) discuss that in order to encourage student motivation in the classroom reinforcing effort and recognition are a must! Reflective teaching means looking at what you do in the classroom, thinking about why you do it, and thinking about if it works - a process of self-observation and self-evaluation. This can be done with simple questionnaires or learning diaries for example. In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. Peer observation When students use graphic organizers, they are able to remember the information that is being taught. For the majority of the class, we utilized William Kists’ book The Socially Networked Classroom: Teaching in the New Media Age (2010), which provided multiple modes of instruction that both utilized and/or created technology. About McREL.org . Always build classroom rules and procedures collaboratively and in the positive. You may decide to focus on a particular class of students, or to look at a feature of your teaching - for example how you deal with incidents of misbehaviour or how you can encourage your students to speak more English in class. Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based … You may also like: Assessment in Instruction: Danielson 3d … ASCD Customer Service. The ASOT Reflection - Region 9 High Reliability Schools-February 2019 by Christy Johnson | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and more. Discussion can be based around scenarios from your own classes. These simple templates allow students to take ownership of their learning and track their progress by reflecting on the lesson objective/learning target. If some students say they need a quiet area to work in at times, try a sign like, “Quiet Area, Brains at Work.” Also, if your classroom rule says “We don’t use cel… At Georgetown, where “contemplation in action” is one of our core values, we understand reflection to be essential to the process of education. Reflective teaching therefore implies a more systematic process of collecting, recording and analysing our thoughts and observations, as well as those of our students, and then going on to making changes. Reflective teaching means looking at what you do in the classroom, thinking about why you do it, and thinking about if it works - a process of self-observation and self-evaluation. Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. We may only notice reactions of the louder students. You may also like: Assessment in Instruction: Danielson 3d … Many teachers already think about their teaching and talk to colleagues about it too. Having routines in place, clear directions, and classroom rules that are visually placed in the classroom are very important in running a systematic classroom. Here are some different ways of doing this. Mar 3, 2019 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. In fact, Experiential Learning Theory and the principles of Ignatian Pedagogy (which are at the heart of Georgetown’s educational mission) remind us that reflection is really the only way we can learn from experience—and that includes class experience. With reflection, on the other hand, critical faculties become engaged, the learner’s understanding of the learning process deepens, and information becomes meaningful knowledge, connected to other knowledge, the learner’s life, and the larger world. That’s why higher education in this century is increasingly moving away from an education that deposits information to be absorbed, and toward an education that provides skills for finding, interpreting, integrating, and applying information across disciplines, space, and time; this is how information becomes knowledge. Compare and contrast: In Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert Marzano says that identifying similarities and differences is critical to enhancing students’ understanding of and ability to use knowledge. Reflective teaching is therefore a means of professional development which begins in our classroom. Individual classroom teachers must determine which strategies to employ with the right students at the right time. McREL is a non-profit, non-partisan education research and development organization that since 1966 has turned knowledge about what works in education into practical, effective guidance and training for teachers and education leaders across the U.S. and around the world. Being very organized and OCD I will have a set of classroom rules placed in the front of my classroom. Teacher diary  If you have colleagues who also wish to develop their teaching using reflection as a tool, you can meet to discuss issues. As a result of your reflection you may decide to do something in a different way, or you may just decide that what you are doing is the best way. Pitler, Hubbell, and Kuhn (2012), express that technology helps educators more effectively differentiate instruction, reach multiple learning styles, and engages students in the classroom. Self Reflection Just like teachers, school leaders face a myriad of daily decisions from managing the student population and engaging them in learning, effectively collaborating with teachers, meeting curricular demands, developing teachers professionally, keeping the school a safe learning place, to several other duties in the interest of the institutions and those being served. ... Classroom Instruction That Works . This guided weekly journal by Mary Smith, Pete Hall, and Alisa Simeral will help you self-reflect on and chronicle which of your classroom practices are going great, which could stand some improvement, and how you’re growing and changing along the way. Using a list of statements about teaching beliefs (for example, pairwork is a valuable activity in the language class or lexis is more important than grammar) you can discuss which ones you agree or disagree with, and which ones are reflected in your own teaching giving evidence from your self-observation. 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