[3] The body should be shorter than the height of the dog at the shoulder. [31] Canadian Kennel Club recognition followed in 1909. By the time of Malcolm's death in 1930, a stable type had appeared with prick ears, a white coat, and a short back.[28]. Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Learn which are good with children and which make good apartment dogs. The breed remains very popular in the UK, with multiple wins at Cruft's. The West Highland white terrier, commonly called a Westie, is a small, energetic dog with a lively and lovable personality. [29], The person most closely associated with developing the modern breed of West Highland White Terrier is Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch. The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. Selective breeding based on such qualities as coat type or color likely produced the different breeds who would have easily remained distinct in the relative isolation of the various parts of the Scottish mainland and the western islands of the country. Often referred to a “Westies” or “Westys,” West Highland Terriers originated in Scotland and were first given their modern name in the early 1900s. The first member of the breed to win a show championship was Ch. All trademarks are owned by Société des Produits Nestlé S.A., or used with permission. The popularity of the breed during the early 20th century was such that dogs were being exchanged for hundreds of guineas. [28] The dog seemed to produce these white puppies regardless of the sire to which she was bred, and after drowning over 20 of these offspring, he came upon the theory that it was an ancient trait of the Scottish Terrier that was trying to reappear. ... Champion West Highland Terrier Study the breed standard, get a clear image in your mind of the type you want. It has been featured in television and film, including in Hamish Macbeth, and in advertising by companies such as Cesar dog food and the Scotch whisky Black & White. West Highland Terriers generally have dark, deep-set … It is a loyal breed that bonds with its owner but is often on the move, requiring daily exercise (15–30 min). [8] This makes regular training from a young age of particular importance. [38], "Breed Information Centre: West Highland Terrier", "The West Highland White Terrier: A Spunky Scot", "West Highland White Terrier Breed Profile", "West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Inbreeding impact on litter size and survival in selected canine breeds", "2007 West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Col. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, and the West Highland White Terrier", "Comparative Tables of Registrations for the Years 2001 – 2010 Inclusive", "J.K. Rowling is a proud dog mom and wants everyone to know it", "Casting row dogs the remake of Greyfriar's Bobby", "Meet Olivia, the Cute Dog Who Starred in Both 'Widows' and 'Game Night' This Year", "Jeeves and Wooster: the complete series", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Highland_White_Terrier&oldid=999462566, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This, too, is the origin of the West Highland White Terrier, which is thought to have originally been part of the Cairn breed. Welcome to West Highland White Terrier Home. Other terriers developed in Scotland around the same time included the Cairn , Skye , Scottish and Dandie Dinmont terriers. [32] The same title was taken by Barbara Worcester's Ch. It is a neurological disease wherein the dog lacks the enzyme galactosylceramidase. The breed has gone under several different names, including Roseneath, Poltalloch, White Scottish, Little Skye, and Cairn. Small, active and hardy, West Highland White Terriers have a healthy dose of confidence, with a mischievous look. [28] In 1903, Malcolm declared that he did not want to be known as the creator of the breed and insisted that his breed of white terriers be renamed. The symptoms are noticeable as the puppy develops, and can be identified by the age of 30 weeks. List of West Highland White Terrier Mix Breed Dogs "My name is Mia and I am a 9 month old white with a little apricot Westiepoo (West Highland and Poodle mix) – I love playing with my toys, chewing on my bones and cuddling with my mom. [13] The French Kennel Club database gives 8 to 16 years, with a median of 13 years. Weight 6.8–9.1 kg (15–20 lb) Height 25–28 cm (9.8–11.0 in) Coat Double Colour White. Breed: West Highland White Terrier . It has a white double coat of fur which fills out the dog's face, giving it a rounded appearance. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. [28][30], The first breed club was set up in 1904; Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll, was the society's first president. [2], Commonly, Westies have bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark in colour. [5] Sandy- and brindle-coloured dogs were seen as hardier than those of other colours, and white dogs were seen as being weak. Breeds with high prey drives enjoy tossing and retrieving games, but the object of the game should be a ball or a Frisbee, not a live animal. The West Highland White Terrier (known affectionately as the Westie) is a small dog breed originating in Scotland, bred to hunt small rodents. Undoubtably a terrier, these dogs are independent thinkers, but their loyalty and intelligence have made them a popular addition to many families. The Westie can be seen on My Dog packaging, website, In the Brazilian television animated series, The 'McDuff' series of children's books written and illustrated by American author, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 08:53. Their ears are pointed and erect. In the initial stages, this condition can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms of dermatitis. It appears that the Scottish terrier, cairn terrier and West Highland white terrier all came from common stock with different fanciers culling different colors. West Highland White Terrier Last updated October 2009 A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Westie Staff (West Highland White Terrier x American Staffordshire Terrier mix) To get the latest on pet adoption and pet care, sign up to hear from us. Affected males and females can be affected for different lengths of time, with symptoms in females lasting between four and six weeks, while males can be affected the rest of their lives. The West Highland White Terrier originates from Poltalloch, Scotland, and was once called the Poltalloch Terrier and later was called the Roseneath Terrier, named after the Duke of Argyll’s estate. [26] The breed spent the period that immediately followed as being "in vogue",[31] becoming popular almost immediately upon its arrival in the US. Rumpus Glenmohr. Both Yorkshire Terrier and West Highland White Terrier are originated from United Kingdom. The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. I am a great guard dog too. A Westie may need to have its training refreshed on occasion during its lifetime. Their short legs aided in maneuverability in different types of terrain. The white dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and this was their big advantage. [27] Other families on Skye preserved both white and sandy-coloured dogs. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club's second chairman. [28] It is unknown if the Poltalloch Terriers and Pittenweem Terriers were interbred. Status: Available . They are independent and somewhat stubborn. [12] Veterinary clinic data from the UK show a typical lifespan of 10.5 to 15 years. These type-A terriers are entirely too feisty to … [15] Westie puppies may be affected by craniomandibular osteopathy, a disease also known as "lion jaw", and is sometimes also referred to as "westie jaw". The breed shares its ancestry with other well-known Scottish dogs namely the Dandie Dinmont, the Cairn Terrier and the Scottie. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. SaveMEDIUM: This breed is very active indoors, so daily walks and play should satisfy their exercise needs. It does retain the instincts of an earth-dog, including inquisitive and investigative traits,[9] as well as natural instincts to bark and dig holes. Affected dogs can suffer from red hyperpigmentation, lichenification, and hair loss. About the West Highland White Terrier. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. The condition typically develops over one to three days, resulting in tremors of the head and limbs, ataxia, and hypermetria. Records of West Highland White Terriers can be traced back to the 15th century when they were first bred to hunt vermin, foxes and otters in their native Scotland. The breed is intelligent, quick to learn, and can be good with children, but does not always tolerate rough handling. [11] A club survey puts the average lifespan at 11.4 years. They have strong teeth and jaws. [10], The American breed club puts the lifespan of the Westie at 12 to 16 years. The West Highland White Terrier Club of America strives to educate the public on whether the Westie is the right dog for their family and lifestyle because the Westie is not for everyone. Find West Highland White Terrier Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful West Highland White Terrier information. [34] A Westie also won Crufts in 1990 with the Best in Show title going to Derek Tattersall's Ch. [19] Another genetic condition that affects the breed is "white dog shaker syndrome". Westie is a very social dog who will get along excellent with everybody. Breed: West Highland White Terrier . CONTACT US. Radiographic testing can be conducted to diagnose the condition, in which the bones around the jaw thicken; additionally, the blood may show increased calcium levels and enzyme levels. [20], Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog's urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid. "Find similarities and differences between Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu" Compare Rhodesian Ridgeback and West Highland White Terrier. The Westie is an active and intelligent breed, and is social with a high prey drive, as they were once used to hunt rodents. The Australian dog food manufacturer Mars Incorporated uses the West Highland White Terrier breed as the face of their My Dog brand. Major concerns: globoid cell leukodystrophy, Legg–Perthes, CMO, skin disease, Minor concerns: copper toxicosis, cataract, patellar luxation, KCS. The breed dates back to more than a century, and the American Kennel Club recognized it in the U.S. in 1908. A second club was subsequently set up, with the Countess of Aberdeen as chairman. West Highland White Terrier Originating from Scottish decent as an avid hunter and game terrier, the Westi is a popular breed of choice for terrier lovers due to his charming personality. Their harsh double coat, especially the hard, straight outer coat, helped to provide protection from the elements. (Do not try this at home.) [4] The fur fills out the face to give a rounded appearance. Their often have long tails. [14] The typical litter size is between three and five puppies. This breed of small white Scottish terriers was given its modern name for the first time in 1908, with recognition by major kennel clubs occurring around the same time. In 1908, a couple years after England recognized the breed, America followed suit and the AKC induced the canine as its own breed. [3] As puppies develop into adults, their coarse outer coat is normally removed by either "hand-stripping", especially for dog-showing, or otherwise clipping. Cameron, published in 1908. The West Highland White Terrier often enjoys the outdoors and are a well mannered member of the household, if taken for regular exercise. [21] A degeneration of the hip joint, known as Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome, also occurs in the breed. [26] It was ranked 30th-most popular in 2001, based on registrations with the American Kennel Club, which has varied around the 30s in the decade since, with it ranked 34th in 2010. For prospective dog owners who are interested in a particular breed, purebred rescue …. Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu – Which one is a better dog breed for you? In fact, the AKC first registered them as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908, but the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909. It typically appears in dogs under a year old, and can cause problems for the dog to chew or swallow food. Small in size but big in personality, the Westi stands 9-12 inches tall at the shoulder and weights averages are 13-22 pounds. Elfinbrook Simon in 1962. Did You Know? That's a tail, not a handle! Take our short quiz to find out! West Highland White Terrier Personality & Temperament. In some cases, tube feeding may be necessary. The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. West Highland White Terrier Breed History They are one of the most popular Scottish terrier breeds today There is a common myth that Westies developed strong tails to be pulled out of rat holes They were bred selectively for their white coats The condition often stops progressing by the time the dog is a year old, and in some cases can recede. Kiltie and Ch. Legend has it that the West Highland White Terrier was bred for his distinctive snowy fur so he could be spotted while hunting fox and other brown- and red-coated creatures. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed. In major conformation shows, the breed has been equally successful on both sides of the Atlantic. The West Highland was first shown in the USA in 1906 and first recognized by the AKC in 1908. They are loyal, fun-loving dogs with heaps of energy. Several breed-specific and nonspecific health issues appear in the breed, including a condition in young dogs nicknamed "westie jaw" which causes an overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. Wheaten-coloured Cairns occasionally produced white pups, and so the Colonel chose to selectively breed his Cairns for white coats to improve the visibility of his hunting terriers. Affectionately known as a Westie dog, the West Highland White Terrier is a small breed of dog from Scotland. We only breed dogs with sweet temperaments and good looks that conform to the West Highland Terrier standards that have passed their tests for a healthy heart, hips and eyes. It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia, but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers. As with all the terrier breeds, the West Highland was bred as a … Some sources suggest that due to their history as rodent catchers, their tails were bred to be thick so that a Westie trapped in a hole could be easily pulled out by the tail. All West Highland White Terrier found here are from AKC-Registered parents. Olac Moon Pilot,[35] and in 2016 to Burneze Geordie Girl. [3], They also have a deep chest, muscular limbs, a black nose, and a short, closely fitted jaw with "scissors" bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors). Ready to see what dogs fit you best? The West Highland White Terrier originated in 17 th century Scotland and was bred to hunt rodents like rats who destroyed grain stores and spread disease. The Westie is very loyal and smart but … [25] At various times during the breed's existence, it has been considered a white offshoot of both the Scottish Terrier and the Cairn Terrier breeds. Initially, it was also known at the time as the Roseneath Terrier, and the Roseneath Terrier Club was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1908. Their wire coat needs combing two or three times weekly, and potentially professional grooming every three months. [37] The breed's position in the United States is more stable with it remaining in the top third of all breeds since around 1960. [22] However, the chances of this condition occurring are much higher in some other breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd and the Miniature Pincher. They can be affectionate and demanding, one of the friendliest terriers. 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