Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. (b) ammonium nitrate undergoes thermal decomposition when heated to temperatures above about 150°F and, under certain conditions, some of which are mentioned below, this decomposition may become dangerous; because ammonium nitrate is usually stored in very large quantities, it has the potential to escalate an ordinary fire into an event approaching disaster proportions and for this … Unknown. [15], The Little Ferry vaults also held works by other film studios that had contracted with Fox for distribution. (ERG, 2016) (ERG, 2016) U.S. Department of Transportation, Transport Canada, and Secretariat of Communications and Transport of Mexico, with collaboration from Argentina's Centro de Información Química para Emergencias. Spectacular footage of 1937 Fox Film storage facility fire in Little Ferry, NJ - Digital/upload by F. Fuchs Filmed by W. Zabransky. Internally, it was divided into forty-two individual vaults,[7] each enclosed behind a steel door and separated with Template:Convert brick interior walls. [10]Template:Sfn Also present was the original negative of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East (which Fox had purchased with the intent of remaking),[7] the negative for the controversial Christie Productions sponsored film The Birth of a Baby,[12] and films by smaller studios such as Atherton Productions, Peck's Bad Boy Corporation, Principal Pictures, and Serial Producing. The fire resulted in one death and … [7][8], Film processing company DeLuxe Laboratories owned the building,[10] and rented it to 20th Century-Fox to store the silent films acquired from Fox Film Corporation during the merger.Template:Sfn, Damage to 361 Main, the residence closest to the vaults, with 375 Main in the background, Northern New Jersey experienced a heat wave in July 1937, with daytime temperatures of Template:Convert and warm nights. [15] Tom Mix made eighty-five pictures with Fox, most of which were archived exclusively at Little Ferry. Film historian Anthony Slide called the destruction of the Fox Film Corporation vault "the most tragic" American nitrate fire.Template:Sfn The highest-quality examples of every Fox film produced prior to 1932 were destroyed. This fire was responsible for the loss of most of the silent films produced by Fox Film Corporation before 1932. On May 4, 1897, one of the first major fires involving nitrate film began when a Lumière projector caught fire at the Bazar de la Charité in Paris; the resulting blaze caused 180 deaths. [25], Fire at 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, Piles of ruined film cans outside the fire-damaged vault building, Approximately $2.67 million – 3.56 million in 2019 dollars, "Burn after viewing, or, fire in the vaults: nitrate decomposition and combustibility", Nitrate film testing for the National Archives: December 1978 fire investigation, "Crafting a new exhibit: Edison's fire companies and the Great Fire of 1914", "$45,000 fire drives families from homes in Little Ferry", "Trustee asks $500,000 for films lost in fire", "Fox N. J. film storage plant swept by flames", "Report of the Committee on Preservation of Film", List of incomplete or partially lost films, List of lost or unfinished animated films, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1937_Fox_vault_fire&oldid=999682841, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 11:52. The building’s ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases caused by the nitrate decomposition of film vaults due to the heat. Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have fueled the massive explosion that rocked Beirut, experts and video evidence suggest. Also, Fire-Fox possesses a fire crystal. Yolk from white. Since 1980!! In October 1929, the Consolidated Film Industries facility was badly damaged by a nitrate fire. The building had 12-inch (30 cm) brick outer walls and a reinforced concrete roof. Educational Pictures had more than 2,000 negatives and prints destroyed, including the negatives of Buster Keaton's silent films with the company. [1] Unlike previous large nitrate film fires, the spontaneous combustion of decomposing film stock was determined to be responsible. Flammable [2], Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted. Film storage cabinets with ventilation and cooling systems were also proposed, as was further research into improving the quality of cellulose acetate film to encourage its use as a safer replacement for nitrate film. Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios and vaults, although the precise causes were often unknown. Fox tail. Also present was the original negative of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East (which Fox had purchased with the intent of remaking),[9] the negative for the controversial Christie Productions sponsored film The Birth of a Baby[20] and films produced by Sol Lesser under his imprints Atherton Productions, Peck's Bad Boy Corporation, and Principal Pictures. [7] Although copies located elsewhere allowed some of these films to survive, mostly as lower-quality prints or mere fragments of film, more than 75% of Fox's feature films from before 1930 are completely lost.Template:Sfn Total or near total losses occurred for many Fox performers including Theda Bara, Valeska Suratt, William Farnum, George Walsh and notorious celebutante performer Evelyn Nesbit, who made roughly a dozen films for the studio. Show Clips. Template:Lost films. For video troubleshooting and help click here. Most such fires in film archives have taken place in heat waves during summer months, in closed facilities with limited ventilation, exacerbating several of these variables. I think it's a lost film, if I recall. Each can contained about five cents' worth of silver;Template:Sfn the salvaged metal returned $2,000.Template:Efn[7], After the fire, piles of film cans awaiting removal for silver reclamation, Although 20th Century Fox officials at the time remarked that "only old films" were destroyed,[11] the 1937 Fox vault fire is now understood as a significant loss of American film heritage. They suggested that the older nitrocellulose film in the archive was of lower quality than their current film, and thus more unstable. [4][5] The United Film Ad Service vault, also in Kansas City, burned on August 4, 1928, and a fire was reported at Pathé Exchange nine days later. The explosion was caused by a fire that detonated nearly three tons of poorly stored ammonium nitrate that had been sitting in a port warehouse for years — the kind of mismanagement that is typical of a corrupt political class that fails to provide even basic services for its people. July 9, 1937 It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. In 1947, an explosion in Texas City, Texas, killed at least 581 people and injured more than 3,500 after two cargo ships carrying ammonium nitrate caught fire, the Times reported. The sustained heat contributed to nitrate decomposition in the film vaults, and the building's ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases. Built on an International 7400 chassis and powered by a 330-hp Maxxforce 9 engine and a 3500 Allison EVS transmission, this unit is equipped with a 5,000-lpm Rosenbauer NH55 pump, Rosenbauer Ez Foam and Fix Mix foam systems, 550-gallon water tank … [21], The destruction of the Little Ferry facility spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect of film preservation. The virus surged in the chaos of inundated hospitals, funerals and protests that followed. Like the previous boss (Obomoneynation), Fire-Fox posesses fire powers. Perhaps the closest comparison to Beirut's explosion, in terms of scale, is a blast in Texas City in 1947, which was caused by 2,300 US tons (about 2,087 metric tons) of ammonium nitrate. Film storage cabinets with ventilation and cooling systems were also proposed, as was further research into improving the quality of cellulose acetate film to encourage its use as a safer replacement for nitrate film. 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