Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Names. 37 38 39. Pigeon peas, which have the scientific name of Cajanus cajan, are perennial legumes that belong to the Fabaceae family. Today pigeon pea is grown widely throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. Hypogeal germination: 7: … Preferred Common Name. Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. Synonyms for pigeon pea in Free Thesaurus. (8). Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. Dietary fiber maintains cholesterol balance and prevents atherosclerosis. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. Pigeon peas can be frequently pruned for mulch. Calories from Fat 18.72 Kcal. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. The mashed pigeon peas paste is used as a treatment for piles which is known as hemorrhoids. It was grown for thousands of years in India. Each pod contains about nine seeds which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having 5 mm as a diameter. The pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long and 0.5–1.7 cm wide. illeg. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. KIRAN DASANAL PALB7319 DISTINCTIVENESS, UNIFORMITY AND STABILITY (DUS) Characteristics of PIGEON PEA (Cajanus cajan ) 3. The seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa and Latin America. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. It helps to cure jaundice, cough and bronchitis. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves. In China, the roots are used as a sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. The Botanical Name for this plant is “Cajanus cajan”. Scientific name - Cajanus cajan Chromosome number: 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa Often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group : Cajanus cajan var. The seeds are white, cream, brown, purplish to black in color. The serving size of one cup which measures 153 grams provides 43 mg of Vitamin C, 0.536 mg of Vitamin B1, 153 µg of Vitamin B9, 2.4 mg of iron, 0.69 mg of manganese, 181 mg of phosphorus, 29.82 gram of Carbohydrate, 3.294 mg of Vitamin B3 and others. Origin: Asia and Africa. For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… needs free-drainage. Split Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) aka Toor Dal Common Names: Toor dal,Togari bele, Congo pea, Angola… The plant yields yellow to red flowers which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter that turns into fruit as seed pods. Preferred Scientific Name. Cajanus Cajan is the botanical name for pigeon pea. Aside from being a plant that can maintain high concentrations of nitrogen in the soil, its penetrating roots are also used to loosen the soil. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. Pigeon Pea. It is round or oval in white, brown, red, greyish or purplish with a white hylum. Terms & conditions bicolor (DC.) Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. Flowers usually yellow, with purple or red streaks or plain red with oval to round seeds, colours vary from light beige to dark brown. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green color above and silvery underneath. Few well-known advantages of Pigeon Peas are listed below: Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. Young stems are angled and pubescent. Privacy Policy Hypogeal germination: 7: … Latin Name: Cajanus cajan. Mulch production; can be cut many times in a season. have a strong spicy odour. One cup of cooked pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (4), Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. It is also used to cure lungs and chest disease. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Cape May Plant Materials Center , 2012. Plant description: The pigeon pea is a perennial, legume, erect woody, a common food grain, and grow up to 4 m tall. It … INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. Antonyms for pigeon pea. fr. Windbreaks; suitable as a shelterbelt around vegetable gardens. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Pigeon peas are cultivated Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae 3. Wiki User Answered . A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. In January Luis Quinones commented on one of my previous pigeon pea posts: “In Puerto Rico mi grandma use to plant in the same hole at the same timeof planting bush beans sweet corn and pigeon peas. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Cajanus bicolor DC. The ripened seeds are consumed by roasting. (3), The seeds, leaves and peas of pigeon peas are used to treat inflammation due to the presence of organic compounds. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. Planting Pigeon Pea Seeds: Pigeon peas can be grown in USDA Zones 9 through 15. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. The roots are used to treat throat inflammation, diarrhea and chlorosis. Every time you prune them (and also when the plant dies) the root nodules release nitrogen that can be used by other plants. Calories 209 Kcal. They are about 4 cm (1.6 in) long by 3 cm (1.2 in) wide. Pigeon pea 2. The plant grows up to 1–2 m high with tetrarch taproots. Family: Fabaceae. It is suitable for the people living in arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy quickly. Read on to learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit from it’s many uses. The leaves and young shoots can be eaten cooked, they are fibrous and It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. Schinz & Guillaumin. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 12 inches apart. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. Pigeon peas are cultivated How Pigeon Pea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names In other parts of Asia, seeds are used to make tempeh or tofu. The pods can be picked fresh for peas or left on the vine to dry. fr. Alternate Names for Pigeon Pea. Leaves, flowers, seed pods and seed all make nutritious animal fodder.My chickens love the peas. Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] In Kenya, pigeon pea is the third most widely grown pulse crop, and it is one of the fastest growing cash crops with an annual growth rate of 3% in the last decade. On the farm, pigeon pea is a great fodder plant for animals such as cows, pigs and chickens, and makes a great alley-cropping plant in an orchard situation. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. In Java, the pulped leaves are used as a treatment for herpes, sores and itches. (6), To maintain the nutrients, raw is better because 25% of nutrients are lost when cooked. Green Manure; incorporate the plants as they flower. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … The fresh pods, young shoots and seeds are used as vegetables in sayor, spicy soups and other side-dishes in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. And the seeds is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia (especially India), and it is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent. Cajanus cajan var. Its flavor is pleasant and it contains an average of 18% to 25% protein, reaching as high as 32% protein content. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). There are several alternative names for this plant. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… What is the scientific name for pigeon pea? Cajanus flavus DC. It is an erect, glandular-pubescent, short-lived and perennial shrub. In Central America, seeds of pigeon pea are canned and frozen. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. The name of this plant originated from Barbados, where this crop is an important pigeon feed. See Answer. Cajanus indicus. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Pigeon Pea. Plus she fertilize one time only. Pigeon Pea on the farm. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988) The plants will usually germinate within 10-15 days and pods will appear in 4 months. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. 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